Fringe Stitch

Fringe Stitch

The fringe stitch is one way of finishing a piece of Hardanger embroidery. It requires a minimum of 26 threads be remaining on each side of the worked pattern. First decide how wide of fringe is appropriate; the minimum size is usually 18 threads and the maximum for a large piece is 32 threads per side. In addition, four threads must be allowed for the fringe stitch itself and a minimum of four threads must remain between the worked pattern and the fringe stitch.

For example, if there are 32 threads to work with on each side, six threads might be left between the pattern and the fringe stitch, allowing four threads for the fringe stitch and 22 threads of the fringe. In this case, count out six threads from the pattern on each side and draw out the seventh thread. Skip two threads and draw out the tenth thread. Number 8 pearl cotton thread will be used for stitching and all work will be done on the wrong side of the fabric. Leaving a two-inch tail of thread to be drawn under the stitching later, insert the needle into the upper right corner hole and bring it out at the upper left hole (12a). Do the same with the two lower corner holes (12b). Return to the top row and pick up the next two threads (12c). Do the same with the two holes directly below (12d). Continue in this fashion (12e) always taking two threads at a time, first on the top and then the same two on the bottom, until you reach a corner. After stitching in the corner holes, turn the fabric and begin with the upper right corner hole, as in 12a. Proceed as before. By stitching twice in the corner holes, a box will be formed on the right side of the fabric which will securely hold the corner (12f-right side). When doing this stitch, pull the thread firmly but not so hard that a definite ridge is formed on the right side. After the stitching is completed, fringe all threads up to the fringe stitch.



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Picots (for Hardanger)

Picot

These very traditional additions are worked at the same time as the weaving is being accomplished. Weave to the center of the bar and insert the needle part way into the bar (6a). Bring the thread from the bar, under the back of the needle and around the front (6b). Pull the needle through, and work the picot until it lies firmly on the outside of the bar. Wrap that side one time, bringing the needle around the outside of the bar and into the center (6c). Repeat for the other side and complete the weaving of the bar (6d).



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Large Outer Web (for Hardanger)

Large Outer Web

When the last bar is woven, insert the needle from back to front in the corner fabric at the first junction(A). Move to the next junction and insert the needle in and back out, leaving a 2 x 2 fabric square in the center (B).

At the first corner, bring the needle from back to front in the center satin stitch. Bring needle out on the left side of the extended thread to form the twist in the thread before continuing to the next fabric junction (C).

Work around the outside of the space in the same manner, inserting the twist in every corner (D).

Large Outer Web

When back at the starting point, insert the needle into the first junction and run the thread beneath several satin stitch blocks before trimming off (E).


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Triangular Web (Three-sided web) (for Hardanger)

Triangular Web

Triangular Web

Weave the first bar to the center and insert the needle in the top right fabric corner hole (A). Insert the needle beneath the extended thread and bring needle out in the left fabric corner (B). Make the twist on that corner by bringing the needle under the center stitch (C). Return to the woven bar by bringing the thread around the first side of the web and back up into the center of the bar (D). Weave the remainder of the bar and continue to the next bar, inserting the triangular webs as you proceed.


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